Brazil is the second largest soybean producer in the world, behind only the USA. In the 2016/2017 harvest, the crop occupied an area of 33.89 million hectares, which totaled a production of 113.92 million tons. The average yield of Brazilian soybean was 3,362 kg per hectare.
In the world context of large grain crops, soybeans had the highest percentage of production growth since the 1970s. From 1970 to 2017, global soybean production increased by 7.98 times (44 Mt to 351 Mt) . In Brazil, production growth in the period was even more spectacular: 76 times (1.5 Mt in 1970 to 114 Mt in 2017 .The growth of the area has not been very different, according to the USDA. In the last decade (2006/07 to 2017/18) the global area cultivated with soybeans increased by 33.5% compared to 20.4% for maize and 4.7% for rice and wheat.